Spread Aloha, not germs. Handwashing basics

Proper hand hygiene is one of the most important ways to avoid getting sick and spreading germs to others. Several diseases and conditions can easily spread by not washing hands with soap and clean, running water. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol to clean hands. Note: hand sanitizers are not as effective when hands are visibly dirty.

How to wash:

1. Wet your hands with clean, running water that's warm or cold. Turn off the tap and apply soap
2. Lather your hands by rubbing them together with soap (include the backs of hands, between fingers and under nails)
3. Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds (try humming the "Happy Birthday" song, twice)
4. Rinse your hands well under clean, running water
5. Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry

When to wash:

  • Before, during and after preparing a meal
  • Before eating a meal
  • Before and after caring for someone who is sick
  • Before and after treating a cut
  • After using the toilet
  • After changing a diaper or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet
  • After blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing
  • After touching animal, animal feed or animal waste
  • After handling garbage